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Comment: 2024: 2k RSA still ok


titleRenewing an existing TLS certificate?

In case you're replacing an expiring TLS certificate where the matching private key is still considered to be secure and of sufficient strength (in 2021 2024 CE for RSA keys that means a key size of at least 2048 bits) you may want to keep using the existing private key (and PKCS#12 keystore passphrase) and generate the CSR from that key.
To do that first extract the private key from your keystore (instead of generating a new one):

No Format
openssl pkcs12 -in /etc/tomcat9/webserver.p12 -nocerts | tail +5 > webserver.key

When asked to "Enter Import Password" supply the existing keystorePass for the  port="443" Connector from your /etc/tomcat9/server.xml configuration file.
When asked to "Enter PEM pass phrase" simply enter/paste that same passphrase again.
And yet again, when asked to "Verifying - Enter PEM pass phrase".

Then generate a CSR from the extracted private key, either by supplying the necessary data (at least the subject) on the command line or by entering any data interactively when being prompted for it (when not adding -subj to the command):

No Format
openssl req -new -key webserver.key -out webserver.csr -subj "/CN=WEBSERVER-FQDN"

When asked to "Enter pass phrase for webserver.key" again provide the passphrase from the previous steps.

The content of webserver.csr is what you provide to your CA then, e.g. via cat webserver.csr and pasting the result into the CA's web interface.