Service Categories (or Entity Categories) help managing the secure release of the right attributes to only appropriate Service Providers – within the eduID.at federation and beyond. The use of the Service Categories documented below constitutes global Best Current Practices for controlled and scalable attribute release policies/decisions. The ultimate responsibility for the release of any personal data to third parties under these terms rests with the institution releasing the data, though.
Service Categories for Attribute Release
Inspired by prior work by RENATER the international Identity Federations community (lead by InCommon, REFEDS and GÉANT/eduGAIN) has started to create Service Categories (technically called "Entity Categories", since they apply to SAML "entities") in order to ease the management of release of personal data ("attributes") to services within and across large-scale multi-party federations: It has long been apparent that manually writing and maintaining attribute release rules based on individual services does not scale sufficiently, esp. taking into account that e-research today requires international collaboration and does not stop at national or "federation" borders. Dealing with individual requests to access services on a case-by-case basis creates too much work for institutions and their staff, often resulting in students or scholars not being able to access needed (inter-)federated resources because the institiutional SAML Identity Provider did not release the needed attributes to the accessed service.
Below you'll find copy&paste-able attribute release filter rules for the widely used Shibboleth Identity Provider v3 software for each of the most important Service Categories. Be sure to carefully read and understand each category's description/definition before use.
People managing technical infrastructure (such as servers and Shibboleth configuration files) should not be responsible for decisions resulting in the (non-)release of personal data to third parties. Contact ACOnet with any questions regarding Service Categories!
REFEDS Research & Scholarship
REFEDS has updated its guidance on the justification for attribute release with regard to the use of Service Categories (or Entity Categories) and the "REFEDS Research & Scholarship" category in particular. This now covers use under GDPR as well.
Membership in the category REFEDS R&S is reserved to services "that are operated for the purpose of supporting research and scholarship interaction, collaboration or management, at least in part". This globally applicable category takes a risk-based approach to enabling access to high-benefit/low-risk services, releasing only low-risk personal data. Basically only the minimum personal data required for scientific collaboration and attribution of a person's work is released (name, email address and an identifer).
GÉANT Data Protection Code of Conduct
GDPR update forthcoming
An updated version of the "GÉANT Data Protection Code of Conduct for Service Providers" is being worked on and will be submitted to the Data Protection Authorities for approval, now that GDPR has come into effect. Due to the expanded territorial scope of GDPR over the previous Data Protection Directive the new version can also be used globally (if adopted). Until that happens the existing version should provide sufficient justification and safeguards to continue its use under GDPR until its replacement is ready to be used.
As part of the GÉANT Data Protection Code of Conduct's Cookbook you'll find the Recipe for a Home Organisation, giving complete instructions on the necessary steps for deployment. This Service Category only applies when the Service Provider (as well as the Identity Provider, which trivially will be case for all eduID.at Identity Providers) is based in the EU/EEA or countries with adequate data protection and uses the EU Data Protection Directive 95/46/EC as common frame for disparate implementations thereof throughout the EU. As such it is mostly meant as a reminder and a reassurance to both service owners and home organizations that the services covered are already subject to (national implementations of) EU data protection law.
As this Category definition does not specify an attribute bundle (i.e., it doesn't reference one set of attributes which should be released to all category members) the set of attributes to be released may vary from service to service. The data to transmit under this category is limited to attributes "that are necessary for enabling access to the service provided by the Service Provider" (2.b, "purpose limitation"), though. In practice only a limited set of data will be exchanged within/across academic Identity Federations today: That could include a person's name, email address, identifier(s) and role infomation ("affiliation", such as "student" or "staff"), but could also be less than that if the service needs less data to perform appropriate access control.
The confguration below is an example based on the most commonly used attributes in Identity Federations today which most/all eduID.at Identity Providers should be able to generate. I..e, this constitutes the upper limit of what an IDP would release to Service Providers requesting data under the GÉANT Data Protection Code of Conduct category.